The Universe is Hostile to Computers reviews

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Tiny particles from distant galaxies have caused plane accidents, election interference and game glitches. This video is sponsored by Brilliant. The first 200 people to sign up via https://brilliant.org/veritasium get 20% off a yearly subscription.

This video was inspired by the RadioLab Podcast “Bit Flip” https://ve42.co/BF — they’re brilliant science storytellers.

A Huge thanks to Dr Leif Scheick, Calla Cofield and the JPL Media Relations Team.

Thanks to Col Chris Hadfield. Check out his book: https://chrishadfield.ca/books/

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References:
J. F. Ziegler, “Terrestrial cosmic rays,” in IBM Journal of Research and Development, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 19-39, Jan. 1996, doi: 10.1147/rd.401.0019. — https://ve42.co/Ziegler1996

D. Binder, E. C. Smith and A. B. Holman, “Satellite Anomalies from Galactic Cosmic Rays,” in IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 2675-2680, Dec. 1975, doi: 10.1109/TNS.1975.4328188 https://ve42.co/Binder1975

Ziegler, J. F., & Lanford, W. A. (1979). Effect of cosmic rays on computer memories. Science, 206(4420), 776-788 https://ve42.co/Ziegler1979

Drury, L. O. C. (2012). Origin of cosmic rays. Astroparticle Physics, 39, 52-60. https://ve42.co/Drury2012

Hess, V. (2018). On the observations of the penetrating radiation during seven balloon flights. arXiv preprint arXiv:1808.02927. –https://ve42.co/Hess2018

Carlson, P., & De Angelis, A. (2011). Nationalism and internationalism in science: the case of the discovery of cosmic rays. The European Physical Journal H, 35(4), 309-329. — https://ve42.co/Carlson2011

Höeffgen, S. K., Metzger, S., & Steffens, M. (2020). Investigating the effects of cosmic rays on space electronics. Frontiers in Physics, 8, 318. — https://ve42.co/Hoeffgen2020

Edmonds, L. D., Barnes, C. E., & Scheick, L. Z. (2000). An introduction to space radiation effects on microelectronics. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration. — https://ve42.co/Edmonds2000

NASA Mars 2020 website covering the specifications of the Perseverance Rover https://ve42.co/RoverBrains

Australian Government Australian Transport Safety Bureau report on QF72 — https://ve42.co/ASTBQantas

Australian Government Australian Transport Safety Bureau summary on QF72 –https://ve42.co/ASTBQantas2

Great Blog post about QF72 — https://ve42.co/DempseyQantas

Michael Barr’s report on the Toyota acceleration issue –https://ve42.co/Barr2015

NASA’s Report on Toyota — https://ve42.co/NASAToyota

T. C. May and M. H. Woods, “A New Physical Mechanism for Soft Errors in Dynamic Memories,” 16th International Reliability Physics Symposium, 1978, pp. 33-40, doi: 10.1109/IRPS.1978.362815. –https://ve42.co/May1978

P. M. O’Neill and G. D. Badhwar, “Single event upsets for Space Shuttle flights of new general purpose computer memory devices,” in IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1755-1764, Oct. 1994, doi: 10.1109/23.317386. — https://ve42.co/ONeill1994

Wikipedia about radiation hardening — https://ve42.co/RadHardening

Toward Monitoring Fault-Tolerant Embedded
Systems (Extended Abstract) — https://ve42.co/Goodloe2009

Article about speed run — https://ve42.co/BurttSpeedrun

Article about speed run — https://ve42.co/BountySpeedrun

Article about redundant systems in spaceflight — https://ve42.co/NASAComputers

Article about the PowerPC750 — https://ve42.co/Wener-FlignerNASA

Fuglesang C, Narici L, Picozza P, Sannita WG. Phosphenes in low earth orbit: survey responses from 59 astronauts. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2006 Apr;77(4):449-52. PMID: 16676658. — https://ve42.co/Fuglesang2006

Good article about Cosmic Rays causing flashes — https://ve42.co/AtkinsonEye

Good article about radiation resistance — https://ve42.co/RoverResistance

Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Paul Peijzel, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Sam Lutfi, MJP, Gnare, Nick DiCandilo, Dave Kircher, Edward Larsen, Burt Humburg, Blake Byers, Dumky, Mike Tung, Evgeny Skvortsov, Meekay, Ismail Öncü Usta, Paul Peijzel, Crated Comments, Anna, Mac Malkawi, Michael Schneider, Oleksii Leonov, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, Jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Marinus Kuivenhoven, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy ‘kkm’ K’Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal

Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Iván Tello, Mike Radjabov, Fabio Albertelli, Jakub Misiek and Charlie Davies
SFX by Shaun Clifford
Filmed by Derek Muller, Raquel Nuno, and Emily Zhang
Edited by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
SFX by Shaun Clifford
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Rover Footage From NASA/JPL-Caltech
QF72 footage from the Smithsonian channel https://youtu.be/H3q5S9PCoJA
SM64 footage from https://ve42.co/pannenkoek2012
Music from Epidemic Sound
Produced by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev and Emily Zhang

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27 reviews for The Universe is Hostile to Computers reviews

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  1. Pmmgaming

    this guy is smart a genius!
    he helps me understand a concept i could previously not wrap my head around.

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  2. BurstFire NO1

    God is the Greatest. Allahu akbar! What an unbelievable complicated universe he has created

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  3. AwesomeJulianCrack

    As a bismuth subscriber I can tell that a cosmic ray did not make that speedrunner jump to the top of the map 😐😐

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  4. Mohamed El Amri g&d Official

    the bluescreen at the end made me jump from my chair

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  5. Oliver Leung

    I'll start saying "It was the cosmic ray" instead of "It was the lag" now

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  6. SkyLark

    9:37 is that also how a thunderbolt decays as it approaches earth?

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  7. Michael Provenzano

    I wish one would hit bank of America on my account and add a couple million 😂

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  8. SeeItHappen

    Back in the end 60s Nasa did not even know about this …. and yet none of the moon landings had these computer problems

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  9. Bipolar Unicorn

    OMG Duc Phuc , i like your cover version. Love it !

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  10. César Alonso Martínez Sánchez

    Cerainly Window PC's are quite the cosmic ray magnets, they crash every few hours…

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  11. Mahesh Dhamane

    Yup that's why I miss headshots in fortnite.

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  12. Michael Tamillow

    Ever heard of error-correcting codes?

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  13. Roki

    I knew I wasn't bad at league

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  14. L. Halawani

    i didn't flip a lot, it flipped a bit xd hahahahahhaha

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  15. Natrium

    The same thing happened to me when I was watching this video. 13:01

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  16. Vic H

    So that's how Bush won…huh

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  17. Mixey

    Got to admit the blue screen of death ending was marvelously done 😄

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  18. INFERNO M41

    I hate you for the blue screen, really. not funny when you just listen and not watching, haha ha… ha……

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  19. BEExPyro

    Wasn’t expecting mario 64 in this video. Lol

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  20. Kelvin Arthur

    The miracle particle

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  21. Coffee Radio

    It was God selecting a leader for Belgium

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  22. H4PER_TXT

    alright so just asking. is it possible to completely neutralize the effect of cosmic rays on computers by focusing enough resources on EC that it is fixed faster than a computer can read the effected memory

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  23. Michael Rayo

    what happens if this happens to a spaceship on its way to Mars

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  24. simunator

    just ran into a possible SEE related avionics failure that's been eluding me for 2 months. verified all hardware integrity until a hard reset as a last measure magically solved it.

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  25. Reggie

    Wow, I'm realizing this video would've been great to supplement real world application back when I was studying algebraic coding theory.

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  26. Musi Kuss

    Use quantum computers. No bits and bytes. Problem solved. 😏

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  27. Daniel NetSet

    Rick: "look how I topple an empire by changing 1 to 0…"

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