Future Computers Will Be Radically Different reviews

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Visit https://brilliant.org/Veritasium/ to get started learning STEM for free, and the first 200 people will get 20% off their annual premium subscription. Digital computers have served us well for decades, but the rise of artificial intelligence demands a totally new kind of computer: analog.

Thanks to Mike Henry and everyone at Mythic for the analog computing tour! https://www.mythic-ai.com/
Thanks to Dr. Bernd Ulmann, who created The Analog Thing and taught us how to use it. https://the-analog-thing.org
Moore’s Law was filmed at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, CA.
Welch Labs’ ALVINN video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H0igiP6Hg1k

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References:
Crevier, D. (1993). AI: The Tumultuous History Of The Search For Artificial Intelligence. Basic Books. – https://ve42.co/Crevier1993
Valiant, L. (2013). Probably Approximately Correct. HarperCollins. – https://ve42.co/Valiant2013
Rosenblatt, F. (1958). The Perceptron: A Probabilistic Model for Information Storage and Organization in the Brain. Psychological Review, 65(6), 386-408. – https://ve42.co/Rosenblatt1958
NEW NAVY DEVICE LEARNS BY DOING; Psychologist Shows Embryo of Computer Designed to Read and Grow Wiser (1958). The New York Times, p. 25. – https://ve42.co/NYT1958
Mason, H., Stewart, D., and Gill, B. (1958). Rival. The New Yorker, p. 45. – https://ve42.co/Mason1958
Alvinn driving NavLab footage – https://ve42.co/NavLab
Pomerleau, D. (1989). ALVINN: An Autonomous Land Vehicle In a Neural Network. NeurIPS, (2)1, 305-313. – https://ve42.co/Pomerleau1989
ImageNet website – https://ve42.co/ImageNet
Russakovsky, O., Deng, J. et al. (2015). ImageNet Large Scale Visual Recognition Challenge. – https://ve42.co/ImageNetChallenge
AlexNet Paper: Krizhevsky, A., Sutskever, I., Hinton, G. (2012). ImageNet Classification with Deep Convolutional Neural Networks. NeurIPS, (25)1, 1097-1105. – https://ve42.co/AlexNet
Karpathy, A. (2014). Blog post: What I learned from competing against a ConvNet on ImageNet. – https://ve42.co/Karpathy2014
Fick, D. (2018). Blog post: Mythic @ Hot Chips 2018. – https://ve42.co/MythicBlog
Jin, Y. & Lee, B. (2019). 2.2 Basic operations of flash memory. Advances in Computers, 114, 1-69. – https://ve42.co/Jin2019
Demler, M. (2018). Mythic Multiplies in a Flash. The Microprocessor Report. – https://ve42.co/Demler2018
Aspinity (2021). Blog post: 5 Myths About AnalogML. – https://ve42.co/Aspinity
Wright, L. et al. (2022). Deep physical neural networks trained with backpropagation. Nature, 601, 49–555. – https://ve42.co/Wright2022
Waldrop, M. M. (2016). The chips are down for Moore’s law. Nature, 530, 144–147. – https://ve42.co/Waldrop2016

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Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Kelly Snook, TTST, Ross McCawley, Balkrishna Heroor, 65square.com, Chris LaClair, Avi Yashchin, John H. Austin, Jr., OnlineBookClub.org, Dmitry Kuzmichev, Matthew Gonzalez, Eric Sexton, john kiehl, Anton Ragin, Benedikt Heinen, Diffbot, Micah Mangione, MJP, Gnare, Dave Kircher, Burt Humburg, Blake Byers, Dumky, Evgeny Skvortsov, Meekay, Bill Linder, Paul Peijzel, Josh Hibschman, Mac Malkawi, Michael Schneider, jim buckmaster, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Stephen Wilcox, Marinus Kuivenhoven, Clayton Greenwell, Michael Krugman, Cy ‘kkm’ K’Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal

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Written by Derek Muller, Stephen Welch, and Emily Zhang
Filmed by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev, and Emily Zhang
Animation by Iván Tello, Mike Radjabov, and Stephen Welch
Edited by Derek Muller
Additional video/photos supplied by Getty Images and Pond5
Music from Epidemic Sound
Produced by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev, and Emily Zhang

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49 reviews for Future Computers Will Be Radically Different reviews

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  1. Tazarul

    Ngl I would buy a Mythic AMP if they were easy to purchase and had known easily useable body tracking compatible with popular vr platforms

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  2. john delong

    Quantum analog?

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  3. Facundo Pramparo

    This video is so good, but mid-point of it I remembered Quantum computers could do those multiple matrix calculations faster. Would that also be possible? What do you think?

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  4. Veronica Logotheti

    They use magnetic waves

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  5. Painless kun

    I just wanna say
    DAYUM

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  6. Barra Libre

    I'm both glad and sad to say that this video explains A.I. better than the 6-month, dedicated course that was imparted at our college…great work as always Derek

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  7. LifeofaFigure

    Theoretically, with the artificial neural networks, they would be able to complete CAPTCHAs.

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  8. Nautilus1972

    Nothing radically new has happened in computing since 1983 (Networking), bar Quantum computing, which no one knows anything about anyway.

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  9. eleicha

    The bias doesn't determine whether a neural network fires or not. The bias term or bias unit is added to the weighted sum of inputs. The purpose of including a bias term is to shift the activation function of each perceptron to not get a zero value. In other words, if all inputs are 0, the sum is equal to the value of bias. A threshold then determines whether or not the neuron fires. Usually an activation function is also applied to the inputs otherwise we would only have a linear neuron and their capabilities are limited to scaling data and cannot depict real world examples.

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  10. Vikramjit Singh

    Investing 20 mins on this channel's video is worth investing a day on something…

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  11. Random Dude

    Calling it analog is weird when you’ll need a digital screen to see the computing

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  12. Nick

    ARM Soc Like the M1 are the answer,having the Memory on soc boost a lot the the transfer Speed,Energy consuption Is low and performance can be great.

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  13. Jacob W

    We need both is likely the answer.

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  14. jamcdonald120

    6 months ago: "The universe is hostile to computers"
    now: "Lets switch to even more volatile computer hardware"

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  15. Kharil Faiz

    Very well explained, Derek!

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  16. sertaki

    "Thinking takes place everywhere, all at once" ….
    Michelle Yeoh intensifies

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  17. philip mc donagh

    What about an optical computer, not that daft is it ??.

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  18. Tom Martens

    So you can then teach a digital computer to do analog calculations and value changes.

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  19. B Skit

    Our brains aren't digital, you probably meant discrete but in no case are they firing numbers.

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  20. Xy Yx

    I solved the von Neumann problem. To whom to sell for two billion euros?

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  21. GallonOfHotdogs

    2:35 how did he say multiplied without moving his mouth?? tf?

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  22. Costumekiller

    Proceptar smarter than 21st century college students can tell the difference between men and women 🤣🤣🤣

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  23. Richard Peter Shon

    The only reason we were stuck with the inefficient digital and cisc chips was because the government decided to invest into this direction. Back then things were simple and top down. Now the market is bottom up.
    Analogue and risc chips will come back. But this knowledge is kept secret.

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  24. mentormags

    Well done! Thanks for sharing.

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  25. Me Again

    My phone's processor is shaking in it's boots.

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  26. BUBBLEGUM GUN

    We are literally copying Gods creatio and this aitheist propagandists buffoon still has the audacity to say god doesn't exist

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  27. Amorphic

    Test comment

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  28. N Đìn

    Noob

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  29. GoingMango

    can i put this chip into my ti 84

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  30. Patrick Ramos

    Not much longer now.

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  31. gilbert godfrey

    What I want to know is whether the trash that accumulates in our insane MIPS chips, which I have been told is a function of quantum math, can be eliminated with new approaches. Our present technology problem is often addressed by rebooting, hard or soft. Of course, this has nothing to do with the travesty of operating systems which ALL fix something that ain't broke by actually breaking it.

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  32. Dame

    But can I mine Bitcoin on it?

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  33. aridogg2

    Comments are fascinating. I'm just stoned but y'all are legit mad scientists

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  34. Rajnoor Brar

    In digital system, you calculate
    In analog system, you measure

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  35. IamBevins

    starting this video watching you make stupid graphs on a basic analog system completely made me think this video was stupid, by the end I completely agreed with your premise. Great video man, a future of digital and analog makes a lot of sense. The comparison to the human brain was a really good idea.

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  36. NeXTSTEP Object Oriented Software

    How about ARM chips with unified memory and dedicated neural network accelerators

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  37. SadCompilation

    In general it feels like a digital solution is more forced in handling data while analog is all about real computing ^^‘

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  38. bunty1583

    Quantum computers are going to takeover after analogs. Quanta are just way too good.

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  39. MisterNiles

    I like that analog thing. Serge synthesizer style patch programming comes to mind

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  40. Robert Sabbatino

    Informative and entertaining. Excellent video.

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  41. Apna Gadget

    So that said, I see that optical light based processing chips can be achieved by the help of neural ai based Analog chips giving an output of required amplitude of a expected wavelength as an input to the optical light based chips to solve a given solution, and thus, getting instant output as a solution from the light base chip. 🤔 Can we make this I wonder, and what data set would we need to train and configure the analog ai chip I also wonder?

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  42. Duong Nguyen

    I'm sure custom digital hardware can be developed which is even more efficient than the analogue chips without any of the drawbacks. These neural engines are already showing in in newer CPUs and GPUs.

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  43. Anand Chudavala

    Can an analog computer be used as ASIC miner?

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  44. GalderIncarnate

    My brain hurts

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  45. Nicolas Bolañez

    Hi, i am from Argentina. Can i suggest a new video about the peopple that are walking berefoot on winter. They are saying that this can t make you sick and it s totally secure.

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  46. Wuz2do

    Not only can I walk and chew gum at the same time I can adjust the rate at which I walk or number of chewing cycles per second without one task interfering with the other but I'm still working on my breathing rate so I can do three things at once. Wish me luck and I'll let you know when I achieve this goal.

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  47. 楊吉蒂

    Super hope near future analog come back

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  48. Kittenz

    if it doesn't run MS WOrd, then it won't run minecraft. No, thank you.

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  49. John Winters

    Rosenblatt worked in RLE at MIT. He came on the PDP computer after my time.

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